Diabetes, commonly known as “Sugar”, is a protracted disorder in the body. The scientific name for Diabetes is Diabetes Mellitus.This is lingering health condition, due to which the body is unable to use available glucose (blood sugar) optimally.

An organ called Pancreas secretes two hormones, Insulin and Glucagon. After body processes the food, enough amounts of glucose drives into the blood. These hormones help the cells in the body to absorb glucose carried by blood. Furthermore, they are even responsible for maintaining the glucose levels, regardless of the food eaten or physical exercises done. In Diabetes, pancreas is unable to secrete optimum insulin or the cells do not respond to insulin, to manage the blood sugar levels. Consequently, besides high amount of glucose present in the blood, body does not receive glucose vital for proper functioning and the growth of the body.

There are 3 Types of Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1diabetes takes place when people are in their early years of age or adulthood. This is an autoimmune disease. In this body cells destroy insulin developing cells, called beta cells. As a result, body doesn’t develop insulin.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2diabetes takes place in later stages of life. In type 2, body is unable to produce optimum insulin. Another reason is that body cells do not function properly with insulin. They develop resistance to insulin.

Type 3: Gestational Diabetes

This type of diabetes occurs in females during gestation period. Consequently, chances of complications increase in case of un-administered high level of glucose in mother during childbirth.

Symptoms of Diabetes:

Initially, it is likely to have moderate signs of illness. To the worse, chances are that the illness has no symptoms. This happens in case of pre-diabetes.


Pre-diabetes – a pre-identification of diabetes. It is a caution, to check the blood sugar levels. In pre-diabetes blood glucose level is more than normal, probably safe enough to not term it as a diabetic state. Most noteworthy, it is important to have precautionary measures, as it may mature to type 2 diabetes.

Certainly, classic signs of this disease are:

  • Blurry vision
  • Recurrent urination
  • Thirst
  • Hunger
  • Weight Gain
  • Weight Loss
  • Tiredness
  • Bruises take more than normal time to heal
  • Skin infections/ itchy skin
  • Hands and feet go numb
  • Urinary tract Infection
  • High blood pressure
  • Heart problem
  • Kidney problem

Diabetes Diagnosis:

First of all referrals of signs of illness was in 1552 B.C. An Egyptian physician, Hesy-Ra, cited frequent urination as a symptom of a mysterious disease. Joseph von Mering and Oskar Minkowski discovered the role of pancreas in diabetes in 1889. Diabetes causes high levels of glucose in the blood. The surplus blood sugar ultimately leaves the system via urine. As a result, blood and urine sample are tested to diagnose the disease. Hence, tests check the measure glucose levels therefore confirming the cause of the symptom.

If the above symptoms concern you, you are recommended to talk to Diabetes specialist in Amritsar:

Dr.Rakesh Luthra